Ohio State Researchers: Road Design Impacts Distracted Driving Crash Frequency


A new study from Ohio State University’s Risk Institute reveals road design modifications can reduce the frequency and severity of distracted driving crashes.

According to the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America (PCI), which funded the Risk Institute’s study, researchers Zhenhua Chen and Youngbin Lym, assistant professors in city and regional planning at Ohio State, found that even the length of a roadway segment or number of lanes had an impact on the frequency of distracted driving crashes.
On the other hand, intersections had a significant impact on reducing the severity of distracted driving accidents. Asphalt pavement and other road environments with median or shoulder have also been found to have less distracted collisions.

Researchers found a 35 percent increase in prominent driver deaths in Ohio and a 23 percent increase in serious injuries between 2003 and 2013. In addition, distraught driving accidents were more severe in some road environments, such as working areas with twice the probability of being deadly.

Urbanized areas such as Columbus, Cleveland and Cincinnati had a much higher risk of vehicle accidents than other parts of Ohio.

Bulundu This study helps to emphasize the need for improved traffic safety and road management, inin said Phil Renaud, Managing Director of the Risk Institute at the Ohio State University School of Business Administration. Dikkat Provides new evidence supporting steps to improve traffic signs and safety regulations for distracting driving in certain areas. There are things we can do at the local, city level to reduce the frequency and severity of accidents. ”

Key findings include:

Careless driving accidents account for about 18 percent of all fatal accidents in Ohio and 16 percent of serious injuries in Ohio.
Careless driving accidents are up to 49 percent more severe when they occur in a highway system.
The risk of vehicle accidents due to careless driving was the highest in the Columbus area.
Careless driving accidents are 5-10 times more likely than severe at the rear end or angle collision.
The roundabouts have been found to be the most effective way to reduce the collision rate and impact intensity. Overall, (2013-2017) data did not show fatal accidents at intersections.
The increase in the number of notable driving accidents in Ohio has become a major concern for various stakeholders, including insurance companies, transport planners and policy makers, according to PCI.
Duyuy In the insurance industry, we hear a lot of stories about how families are ruined, because families are messaging behind the wheel, or said Bob Passmore, vice president for PCI. Maktad This research confirms some of the trends that we see in auto insurance claims. Together with traffic congestion, urban roads, infrastructure challenges, widespread use of electronic devices, it creates dangerous driving conditions. As we have seen with other motor safety issues, such as the use of seatbelts and drunk driving, there is no single answer to solve the problem of distracted driving. It requires a coordinated strategy combining the developments in the design of transport infrastructure, taking personal responsibility to prevent the enforcement of laws, powerful practices, driver distractions. “

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