Alcohol in Any Amount Found Unsafe; Linked to 3 Million Deaths a Year: Global Study

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A new scientific study concludes there is no safe level of drinking alcohol.

The study shows that in 2016, nearly 3 million deaths globally were attributed to alcohol use, including 12 percent of deaths in males between the ages of 15 and 49.
Dr. Washington University Institute of Health Assessment and Evaluation. Emmanuela Gakidou and the senior author of the study published in the international medical journal The Lancet on 23 August. “Alcohol-related health risks are huge,” Emmanuela Gakidou said.

Bulgular said drinking and early death were consistent with other new investigations of “clear and convincing correlations” between cancer and cardiovascular problems. “Zero alcohol consumption reduces the risk of overall health loss,” Gakidou said.

Gakidou said that the study did not differentiate between beer, wine and liquor due to lack of evidence when estimating the disease burden. Researchers generally use data on all alcohol-related mortality and related health outcomes to determine their outcome.

Alcohol consumption patterns vary widely according to country and sex, average consumption per beverage and attributable disease burden. Globally, more than 2 billion people were present in 2016; Sixty-three percent are male.

“Average consumption” refers to a standard drink that is consumed by one person per day, defined as 10 grams of pure alcohol per day:

A small glass of red wine (100 ml or 3.4 ounces of liquid) with 13% alcohol by volume;
A box or bottle of beer (375 ml or 12 liquid ounces) in 3.5% alcohol by volume; or
Whiskey or other alcoholic beverages (30 ml or 1.0 liquid ounces) in volatile 40% alcohol.
“Standard drinks” are different according to the country. For example, in the UK a standard beverage is 8 grams of alcohol, while in Australia, the US and Japan are 10 grams, 14 grams and 20 grams, respectively.
Part of the annual Global Burden of Disease (GBD), this study assesses alcohol and related health outcomes and age and sex status in 195 countries and regions between 1990 and 2016.

Current health provides findings about general health-related health that can be attributed to alcohol for 23 health outcomes, including prevalence of prevalence, alcohol consumption among existing smokers, and contagious and noncommunicable diseases and injuries, including:

Cardiovascular diseases: atrial fibrillation and palpitations, hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke, hypertensive heart disease, ischemic heart disease and alcoholic cardiomyopathy;
Cancers: breast, colorectal, liver, esophagus, larynx, lip and mouth cavity and nose;
Other non-communicable diseases: liver cirrhosis due to alcohol use, diabetes, epilepsy, pancreatitis and alcohol use disorders;
Infectious diseases: lower respiratory tract infections and tuberculosis;
Intentional injuries: violence and self-harm among persons;
Unintentional injuries: exposure to mechanical forces; poisonings fire, heat and hot spots; suffocation; and other unintentional injuries; and
Transportation related injuries.
Richard Horton, Lancet Editor, has prepared the phrase “We now understand that alcohol is one of the greatest causes of death in the world today.” “Now we have to act. We must act urgently to prevent these millions of deaths. And we can do it. ”

In this study, 592 prospective and retrospective studies were conducted on 694 data sources related to alcohol consumption at the individual and population level and the risk of alcohol use. According to senior researcher and editor Max Griswold, over 500 GBD collaborators, including researchers, academics and more than 40 countries, contributed to the work.

“With the greatest amount of evidence gathered to date, the relationship between our work, health and alcohol and open-drinking, causes countless ways of serious health loss all over the world,” Griswold said.

In 2016, eight of the top 10 countries with the lowest death rate attributable to alcohol use among 15 to 49 year-olds were in the Middle East: Kuwait, Iran, Palestine, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Jordan and Syria. The other two were Maldives and Singapore.

On the other hand, seven of the top 10 countries with the highest mortality rates were in Baltic, Eastern Europe or Central Asia, particularly Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, Mongolia, Latvia and Kazakhstan. The other three were Lesotho, Burundi and Central African Republic.

The health officers in these countries, Gakidou, examined the findings of the study and said that voters would be well presented to inform their policies and programs to improve their health and well-being.

“There is a pressing and urgent need to revise policies to encourage people to lower their alcohol consumption levels or not to withdraw completely,” he said. “The legend that one or two days a day contains is a legend that is good for you – a myth. This work is breaking this legend. ”
ALCOHOL-PARTICIPATORY DEATH (100,000 PERSONS), 15-49 YEARS, GREAT SEX, 2016
Highest prices:

Lesotho: 145,3
Russia: 118.4
Central African Republic: 108.8
Ukraine: 92.2
Burundi: 81.1
Lithuania: 76.1
Belarus: 71.2
Mongolia: 67.6
Latvia: 65.5
Kazakhstan: 62.2
Lowest prices:

Kuwait: 0,3
Iran: 0.4
Palestine: 0.4
Libya: 0.7
Saudi Arabia: 0.7
Yemen: 0,9
Jordan: 1.3
Maldives: 1.4
Singapore: 1.6
Syria: 1.7
PREVENTION OF CURING BEVERAGES, ALL AGE, 2016
in MEN

The highest prevalence:

Denmark: 97.1
Norway: 94.3
Argentina: 94.3
Germany: 94.3
Poland: 93.8
France: 93.1
South Korea: 91.3
Switzerland: 91.2
Greece: 90,8
Iceland: 90.3
The lowest prevalence:

Pakistan: 0,9
Bangladesh: 1.0
Egypt: 1.1
Mali: 2.5
Morocco: 3.0
Senegal: 3.2
Mauritania: 3.2
Syria: 5.0
Indonesia: 7.2
Palestine: 7.9
WOMEN
The highest prevalence:

Denmark: 95.3
Norway: 91.4
Germany: 90.0
Argentina: 89,9
New Zealand: 88.5
Switzerland: 88.4
Slovakia: 87.2
France: 86.9
Sweden: 86,1
Iceland: 84.8
The lowest prevalence:

Bangladesh: 0,3
Morocco: 1.1
Pakistan: 1.5
Egypt: 1.5
Nepal: 1.5
Syria: 1.6
Butan: 1.9
Myanmar: 2.3
Tunisia: 2.3
Senegal: 2.6
STANDARD DRINK POPULATION ANALYTICS DAILY, ALL AGE, 2016
in MEN

The largest number of drinks:

Romania: 8.2
Portugal: 7.3
Luxembourg: 7.3
Lithuania: 7.0
Ukraine: 7.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina: 6.5
Belarus: 6.0
Estonia: 6.0
Spain: 5.8
Hungary: 5.5
The lowest rate of beverages:

Pakistan: 0.0008
Iran: 0,004
Kuwait: 0,02
Comoros: 0.02
Libya: 0,02
Bangladesh: 0,03
Palestine: 0,04
Mauritania: 0,05
Yemen: 0,05
Saudi Arabia: 0,05
WOMEN

Maximum beverage:

Ukraine: 4.2
Andorra: 3.4
Luxembourg: 3.4
Belarus: 3.4
Sweden: 3.2
Denmark: 3.2
Ireland: 3.1
England: 3.0
Germany: 2.9
Switzerland: 2.8
The lowest number of beverages:

Iran: 0.0003
Kuwait: 0,01
Mauritania: 0.02
Libya: 0,02
Pakistan: 0.03
East Timor: 0.04
Palestine: 0,04
Yemen: 0.04
Tunisia: 0,04
Syria: 0,05

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